Limit values and banned usage

of individual substances or groups
of substances for textile floor coverings

On this page you can find more information about the limit values and banned use of certain substances and groups of substances in the manufacture of textile floor coverings.

Consumer safety & environmental protection

By using both traditional methods of chemical analysis and quicker more modern tests, both the raw materials and the textile floor covering itself can be checked for a wide range of harmful substances. These include heavy metals, plasticisers, biocides, pesticides, POPs (Persistent Organic Pollutants) and the REACH SVHCs. For the substances or groups of substances listed, the GUT system either sets limit values or defines bans on use.   These measures have been taken not only with a view to consumer safety, but also to avoid negative effects on the environment. The following information is for individual pollutant classes and the assigned limit values.

Dyestuffs and dyeing auxiliaries (1 of 7)

Azo-Dyes (5.2.1)

Tab. 5.2.1: Azo dyes & aromatic amines
Substance a)CAS-No.:GUT
ban on use
2-Methyl-5-nitroaniline a)99-55-8
2-Naphthylamine a)91-59-8
2,4-Diaminoanisol a)615-05-4
2,4-Diaminotoluene a)95-80-7
2,4,5-Trimethylaniline a)137-17-7
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine a)91-94-1
3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine a)119-90-4
3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine a)119-93-7
4-Aminoazobenzene a)60-09-3
4-Aminobiphenyl a)92-67-1
4-Chloro-2-methylaniline a)95-69-2
4-Chloroaniline a)106-47-8
4,4'-Diaminodiphenylmethane a)101-77-9
4,4'-Methylene-bis-(2-chloraniline) a)101-14-4
4,4'-Oxydianiline a)101-80-4
4,4'-Thiodianiline a)139-65-1
4,4’-Methylene-bis-(2-methylaniline) a)838-88-0
Benzidine a)92-87-5
o-Aminoazotoluene a)97-56-3
o-Anisidine a)90-04-0
o-Toluidine a)95-53-4
p-Cresidine a)120-71-8
Navy Blue 018112 b)(EC-No.: 405-665-4)
Aniline (cleavable) c)62-53-3
2,4-Xylidine c)95-68-1
2,6-Xylidine c)87-62-7
2-Naphthylammonium Acetate c)553-00-4
2,4-Diaminoanisole Sulfate c)39156-41-7
2,4,5-Trimethylaniline Hydrochloride c)21436-97-5
4-Chloro-o-toluidine Hydrochloride c)3165-93-3
Note:
Ban on use does not apply to listed substances only, but is always based on current state of knowledge.
a) Aromatic amines according to directive EC/61/2002 & REACH regulation EC/1907/2006 (Annex XVII, Nr. 43, App. 8)
b) Restricted azo dye listed in REACH Annex XVII, Nr. 43, App. 9
c) Other arylamines, cleavable arylamines, amine salts

Heavy metals and plasticisers (2 of 7)

Heavy Metals (5.3)

Tab. 5.3: Schwermetalle / Heavy metals
Substanz
Substance
Abkürzung
Abbreviation
Grenzwert / Limit value
nach Aufschluss / after digestion
[mg/kg]
Grenzwert / Limit value
nach Extraktion / after extraction (in the eluate)
[mg/kg]
Blei / Lead(Pb)500.2
Chrom / Chromium(Cr)501
Chrom VI / Chromium VI(Cr VI)-not identifiable
Cadmium(Cd)400.1
Quecksilber/ Mercury(Hg)50not identifiable
Summe / Sum(Pb, Cr, Cd, Hg)100-
Antimon / Antimony(Sb) a)150 b)30
Arsen / Arsenic(As)-0.2
Nickel(Ni)-1
Kupfer / Copper(Cu)-50
Kobalt / Cobalt(Co)-1
Note:
- = no value available
not identifiable = not allowed to be detected
a) see also flame retardants
b) 150 mg Sb per 1 kg polyester fiber. Antimony is used a catalysts for polyester synthesis

Biocides, Pot Preservatives and pesticides (3 of 7)

Biocides (5.5.2)

Tab. 5.5.2: GUT- thresholds for biocides and in can-preservatives in carpets
Substanz
Substance name
Abkürzung
Abbreviation
CAS no.GUT limit value
[mg/kg carpet]
1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-oneBIT2634-33-5<40
1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-oneMBIT2527-66-4<10
1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-oneMIT2682-20-4<10
1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-oneCIT26172-55-4<5
1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-oneOPP90-43-7<10
1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-oneBNPD52-51-7<10
1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-oneDBDCB35691-65-7<20
1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-oneIPBC55406-53-6<20
Acrolein-107-02-8n.d.
Chlorocresol-59-50-7n.d.
Glutaral (Glutaraldehyde)-111-30-8n.d.
Hydrogen peroxide-7722-84-1n.d.
Peracetic acid-79-21-0n.d.
N-(trichloromethylthio)phthalimide (Folpet)-133-07-3
N,N′-methylenebismorpholine (MBM)-5625-90-1
Polyhexamethylene biguanide hydrochloride-27083-27-8
Note:
Ban on use does not apply to listed substances only, but is always based on current state of knowledge.
n.d. = not detectable

Formaldehyde and finishes for wool protection (4 of 7)

Formaldehyde (5.9)

Tab. 5.9: Formaldehyde & Formaldehyde releasing chemicals
Substanz
Substance
CAS-No.:GUT
Verwendungsverbot
ban on use
Formaldehyde50-00-0
Formaldehyde releasing chemicals-.-
Note:
Ban on use does not apply to listed substances only, but is always based on current state of knowledge.
-.- = more than one CAS-No. / substances group

Flame retardants and PAH (5 of 7)

Flame retardants (5.11)

Tab. 5.11: Flame retardants
Substanz
Substance
Abkürzung
Abbreviation
CAS-No.:GUT
Verwendungsverbot
ban on use
Polybrominated biphenylsPBBs a)59536-65-1
Polybrominated biphenyl ethersPBDEs b)-.-
HexabromocyclododecanesHBCDDs c)25637-99-4
Tris-(2,3-dibrompropyl)phosphateTRIS126-72-7
Tris-(aziridinyl)-phosphinoxideTEPA545-55-1
Chlorinated paraffinsCPs d)-.-
Antimony trioxideSb2O31309-64-4
Antimony pentoxideSb2O51314-60-9
Tris-(2-chloroethyl)phosphateTCEP115-96-8
TrixylylphosphateTXP25155-23-1
Tris-(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl)phosphateTDCPP13674-87-8
Tris(2-chloro-1-methylethyl) phosphateTCPP13674-84-5
Triphenyl phosphate TPP115-86-6
Boric acid-10043-35-3
Diboron trioxide-1303-86-2
Tetraboron disodium heptaoxide, hydrate-12267-73-1
Disodium tetraborate, anhydrous-1330-43-4
Orthoboric acid, sodium salt-13840-56-7
Disodium tetraborate decahydrate-1303-96-4
Disodium tetraborate Pentahydrate-12179-04-3
Disodium octaborate-12008-41-2
2,2-Bis(bromomethyl)propane-1,3-diolBBMP3296-90-0
Bis-(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphateBIS5412-25-9
Tetrabromobisphenol ATBBPA79-94-7
Tri-o-cresylphosphat-78-30-8
Note:
Ban on use does not apply to listed substances only, but is always based on current state of knowledge.
-.- = more than one CAS-No. / substances group

a) PBBs = e.g. (Monobromodiphenyl (MBB), Dibromodiphenyl (diBB), Tribromodiphenyl (triBB), Tetrabromodiphenyl (tetraBB), Pentabromodiphenyl (pentaBB), Hexabromodiphenyl (hexaBB), Heptabromodiphenyl (heptaBB), Octabromodiphenyl (octaBB), Nonabromodiphenyl (nonaBB), Decabromodiphenyl (decaBB)

b) PBDEs = e.g. Monobromodiphenyl ether (MBDE), Dibromodiphenyl ether (diBDE), Tribromodiphenyl ether (triBDE), Tetrabromodiphenyl ether (tetraBDE), Pentabromodiphenyl ether (pentaBDE), Hexabromodiphenyl ether (hexaBDE), Heptabromodiphenyl ether (heptaBDE), Octabromodiphenyl ether (octaBDE), Nonabromodiphenyl ether (nonaBDE), Decabromodiphenyl ether (decaBDE)

c) HBCDDs = α-Hexabromocyclododecane (α-HBCDD), β-Hexabromocyclododecane (β-HBCDD), γ-Hexabromocyclo-dodecane (γ-HBCDD), Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD)

d) CCPs = Short chain chlorinated paraffins, C10-13 (SCCPs), Short chain chlorinated paraffins, C12-13 (SCCPs), Medium chain chlorinated paraffins, C14-17 (MCCPs)

Perfluorinated substances (6 of 7)

Perfluorinated chemicals (5.14)

Tab. 5.14: (Per-)fluorinated alkylated substances and their salts
Substanzen
Substance
Abkürzungeen
Abbreviation
CAS-No.:GUT
Verwendungsverbot
ban on use
Perfluorooctanesulfonic acidPFOS1763-23-1ban on use
PerfluorooctanesulfonamidePFOSA754-91-6ban on use
Heptadecafluorooctanesulfonyl fluoridePFOSF/POSF307-35-7ban on use
Heptadecafluoro-N-methyloctanesulphonamideN-Me-FOSA31506-32-8ban on use
N-Ethylperfluorooctane-1-sulfonamideN-Et-FOSA4151-50-2ban on use
Heptadecafluoro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-methyloctanesulphonamideN-Me-FOSE24448-09-7ban on use
N-Ethyl-N-2-hydroxyethyl perfluorooctansulfulfonamideN-Et-FOSE1691-99-2ban on use
Perfluorooctanoic acidPFOA335-67-1ban on use
Perfluoroheptanoic acidPFHpA375-85-9ban on use
Perfluorononanoic acidPFNA375-95-1ban on use
Perfluorodecanoic acidPFDA335-76-2ban on use
Perfluoroundecanoic acidPFUdA2058-94-8ban on use
Tricosafluorododecanoic acidPFDoA307-55-1ban on use
Perfluorotridecanoic acidPFTrDA72629-94-8ban on use
Perfluorotetradecanoic acidPFTeDA376-06-7ban on use
Heptafluorobutyric acidPFBA375-22-4ban on use
Perfluoropentanoic acidPFPeA2706-90-3ban on use
Undecafluorohexanoic acidPFHxA307-24-4ban on use
Perfluoro-3,7-dimethyloctanoic acidPF-3,7-DMOA172155-07-6ban on use
Perfluorobutanesulfonic acidPFBS375-73-5ban on use
Perfluorohexane-1-sulphonic acidPFHxS355-46-4ban on use
Perfluoroheptane-1-sulphonic acidPFHpS375-92-8ban on use
Henicosafluorodecanesulphonic acidPFDS335-77-3ban on use
7H-Dodecafluoroheptanoic acid7HPFHpA1546-95-8ban on use
1,1,2,2-Perfluorodecanoic acid4HPFUnA34598-33-9ban on use
1,1,2,2-Perfluorooctanesulfonic acid1,1,2,2-PFOS27619-97-2ban on use
1,1,2,2-Perfluorohexan-1-ol4:2 FTOH2043-47-2ban on use
1,1,2,2-Perfluoroctan-1-ol6:2 FTOH647-42-7ban on use
1,1,2,2-Perfluordecan-1-ol8:2 FTOH678-39-7ban on use
1,1,2,2-Perfluordodecan-1-ol10:2 FTOH865-86-1ban on use
1,1,2,2-Perfluorooctyl acrylate6:2 FTA17527-29-6ban on use
1,1,2,2-Heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate8:2 FTA27905-45-9ban on use
1,1,2,2-Tetrahydroperfluorododecyl acrylate10:2 FTA17741-60-5ban on use
Note:
Ban on use does not apply to listed substances only, but is always based on current state of knowledge.

Inorganic fibres, nitrosamines and other substances (7 of 7)

Inorganic fibres (5.13)

Tab. 5.13: Inorganic fibres (asbestos)
SubstanceCAS-No.:GUT
ban on use
Actinolite77536-66-4ban on use
Amosite12172-73-5ban on use
Anthrophyllite77536-67-5ban on use
Chrysotile12001-29-5ban on use
Crocidolite12001-28-4ban on use
Tremolite77536-68-6ban on use
Note:
Ban on use does not apply to listed substances only, but is always based on current state of knowledge.